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What Type of Lawyer Do I Need for Property Disputes? Exploring Your Legal Options

Founding Member of Moshes Law, P.C.
During his years of practice, Yuriy has concentrated in litigation and real estate transactions as his areas of expertise.

Property disputes are a common occurrence in a dense city like New York City, with cramped quarters and a constantly changing landscape. These disagreements can range from minor inconveniences to major headaches, and navigating them on your own can be tricky. Here’s a quick rundown:

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The Complexities of Property Disputes: 

  • Varied Issues: Disputes can involve anything from boundary lines and encroaching structures to inheritance rights, landlord-tenant repairs, and even access to shared spaces. Each situation requires specific legal knowledge.
  • Conflicting Interests: Emotions often run high in property disputes, making it difficult to find common ground. Legal representation can help mediate communication and protect your interests.

New York City has a complex set of property laws, including regulations regarding rent control, building codes, and historic preservation. A property lawyer can ensure your legal rights are upheld throughout the dispute.

Understanding Property Disputes


Living in a bustling city like NYC, property disputes are a common occurrence. These can range from disagreements between neighbors to issues between landlords and tenants. Here’s a breakdown of the most frequent types of property disputes and what can trigger them:

Types of Property Disputes:

  • Boundary Disputes (20% of NYC property di sputes): Uncertain property lines are a major source of contention.  These often involve confusion over survey measurements, overgrown vegetation, or even fences built in the wrong spot.
  • Landlord-Tenant Disputes (40% of NYC property disputes): This is the most common type of property dispute in NYC. Issues can include repairs, security deposits, rent increases, or even a tenant’s right to sublet. According to a report by the  NYC Bar Association, nearly 175,000 eviction cases are filed in the city every year.
  • Property Damage Claims:  Leaking pipes, damage from neighboring construction, or even a runaway barbecue can lead to property damage claims.  These disputes involve determining who is responsible for repairs and the cost of replacing damaged property.
  • Easement Disputes: Easements grant specific rights to use part of another’s property, like a shared driveway or access for utilities. Disagreements can arise over the scope of the easement or if one party interferes with the other’s use.
  • Co-op/Condo Board Disputes:  Residents of co-ops and condos may have disagreements with their board regarding maintenance fees, building rules, or renovations.

Common Issues Leading to Disputes:

  • Lack of Clear Communication:  Open communication between neighbors, landlords, and tenants is key to preventing disputes. Unclear expectations or misunderstandings can quickly escalate into bigger issues.
  • Outdated or Missing Documentation:  Missing or unclear property records, leases, or maintenance agreements can lead to confusion about rights and responsibilities.
  • Neglecting Repairs:  Landlords who neglect repairs or tenants who cause damage can lead to disputes over who is responsible for the cost of fixing the problem.


Identifying Your Specific Dispute


Property disputes in New York City are surprisingly common, affecting thousands of residents every year. Before diving into solutions, it’s crucial to identify the exact nature of your situation. Here’s how to get started:

  1. Assess the Issue:
  • What’s the problem? Is it a disagreement with a neighbor about property lines? Are you facing issues with a landlord or tenant? Clearly define the core conflict.
  • What type of property is involved? Residential apartment, commercial space, or something else? Property laws can vary slightly depending on the type.
  1. Identify Your Goals:
  • Desired outcome: Do you want to establish a clear boundary line? Are you seeking repairs or compensation from a landlord? Knowing your objective helps determine the best course of action.

Why You Need a Lawyer in a NYC Property Dispute


In New York City, where property is king, disputes are bound to happen. Whether it’s a disagreement between neighbors over a fence line or a complex issue of inheritance rights, having a lawyer on your side can be the difference between winning and losing. Here’s why legal muscle is crucial in NYC property disputes:

  • Understanding Complex Laws: NYC property law is a labyrinth. Did you know there are specific rules for co-op boards withholding maintenance funds? Or that “adverse possession” laws can grant ownership rights to squatters under certain conditions? A lawyer keeps you informed of your rights and obligations under the law.
  • Protecting Your Assets: Property disputes in NYC can involve significant sums. In 2023, the median sale price for a Manhattan condo was over $1.1 million [source: City Realty].  
  • Negotiation and Mediation: Lawyers are skilled negotiators. They can navigate complex conversations with the other party, aiming for a favorable outcome without resorting to court. In many cases, mediation – a process where a neutral third party helps reach an agreement – is preferable to a lengthy and expensive trial.
  • Courtroom Advocacy:  If court becomes unavoidable, a lawyer is your champion. They’ll present your case effectively, navigate complex legal procedures, and ensure your rights are upheld throughout the process.

Types of Lawyers for Property Disputes


When it comes to property disputes, there are several types of lawyers who specialize in resolving these conflicts. Here are a few you might encounter:

  • Real Estate Attorney: These lawyers handle a broad range of property-related matters, including disputes over ownership, boundary disputes, landlord-tenant issues, and property development.
  • Land Use Attorney: Specializing in zoning laws, land use attorneys assist clients with disputes related to how land is utilized, such as building permits, zoning variances, and regulatory compliance.
  • Construction Attorney: For disputes arising during construction projects, including contract disputes, defects, delays, and disputes over payments, construction attorneys provide legal representation.
  • Environmental Attorney: In cases involving environmental regulations, contamination, or land use issues related to environmental concerns, these lawyers offer expertise in navigating complex environmental laws.
  • Title Attorney: Title attorneys focus on issues related to property titles, ensuring that titles are clear of any liens, encumbrances, or defects. They may also handle disputes related to property ownership.
  • Eminent Domain Attorney: When the government exercises its power of eminent domain to acquire private property for public use, eminent domain attorneys represent property owners to ensure they receive just compensation.

Each of these types of lawyers brings specialized knowledge and skills to help clients resolve property disputes efficiently and effectively.


Property disputes can range from boundary disagreements with neighbors to inheritance issues with family members. While stressful, many property disputes can be resolved efficiently and fairly with the right approach.

By taking proactive steps and seeking the right guidance of NYC property lawyers you can increase your chances of resolving a property dispute efficiently.

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